Policy Guide

Good practice package for buildings in Singapore

Title Status Description
Policy roadmap and targets for Ultra-Low-Energy Buildings Implemented

Green Building Masterplan; further supplementary goals (e.g. greening 30% older HDB estates, training 20,000 PMETs)

Energy-efficient spatial planning and urban district planning Implemented

Promotion of high density development and public transport

International co-operation Implemented

International co-operation is facilitated by the BCA in various fields such as research and GMS promotion, as well as the international green building conferences

Energy agencies Implemented

Energy Market Authority, Building and Construction Authority and other agencies

Energy efficiency funds not implemented


Energy saving obligations for energy companies not implemented


Government agencies and budget Implemented

The budget for energy efficiency measures in the building sector is considered to be around EUR 430 million (UNESCAP /ATI 2012) and programmes are implemented by government agencies

Removal/reform of subsidies to end-user energy prices and on energy supply Implemented

The government has deliberately avoided subsidising energy consumption

Minimum energy performance standards (MEPS) Implemented

Envelope Thermal Transfer Value and Residential Envelope Transmittance Value

Other legal requirements Implemented

Energy manager obligation for companies with more than 15 GWH/yr, Energy audits on cooling systems for new and retrofitted commercial and public buildings, Energy consumption monitoring for hotels, retail malls and offices

Mandatory energy performance certificates & equipment labels Implemented

Green Mark Scheme (since 2013 the voluntary Green Mark certification has become mandatory for hotels, malls and offices installing or replacing their ventilation system)

Energy advice & assistance during design and construction Implemented

Design for Efficiency Scheme

Energy audits & advice & assistance during retrofit not implemented


Provision of information Implemented

Green Mark Scheme, zero emission buildings, Green Building Week, Energy Efficiency Index, www.e2singapore.gov.sg, Built Environment Leadership Award, Green Mark Award

Feedback and measures on behaviour Implemented

Eco-living campaign in South-Western part of Singapore

Financial Incentives for ULEB and deep retrofits Implemented

Green Mark Incentive Scheme (GMIS), Energy Efficiency Improvement Assistance, Green Mark Gross Floor Area Scheme, GMIS Design Prototype and others

Financing not implemented


Education & training Implemented

Singapore Certified Energy Manager scheme

Certification of qualified actors Implemented

Singapore Certified Energy Manager scheme

Energy efficiency clusters / networks Implemented

Energy Efficiency National Partnership

Promotion of energy services for energy savings Implemented

Guaranteed Energy Saving Performance Contracts

Funding for research, development and demonstration (RD&D) projects Implemented

Zero Energy Building (ZEB) demonstration building

Public sector programmes Implemented

Housing and Development Board (HDB) special energy efficiency goal and implementation

Competitions & awards Implemented

Built Environment Leadership Award, Green Mark Award


  • Adisorn, Thomas (Lead author)
  • Kiyar, Dagmar (Reviewer)
  • Thomas, Stefan (Reviewer)

References and further reading

- Alliance to Save Energy (2009): Building Energy Codes Report for the Republic of Singapore. www.bigee.net/s/axgr21
- Anggadjaja, Edward (2009): Sustainable Building and Construction in Singapore. www.bigee.net/s/dybtwk
- Building and Construction Authority (BCA) (2004): Guidelines on Envelope Thermal Transfer Value for Buildings. www.bigee.net/s/2mq1pm
- Building and Construction Authority (BCA) (2009): 2nd Green Building Masterplan. www.bigee.net/s/umaypt
- Building and Construction Authority (BCA) (2009a): Our Functions. www.bigee.net/s/uzqptx
- Building and Construction Authority (BCA) (2011): Built Environment Leadership Award. www.bigee.net/s/s7721w
- Building and Construction Authority (BCA) (2011a): The Next Level. www.bigee.net/s/3963ix
- Building and Construction Authority (BCA) (2011b): Approved Documents. Acceptable Solutions. www.bigee.net/s/nzeg2a
- Building and Construction Authority (BCA) (2011c): BCA Green Mark for Existing Residential Buildings Version ERB 1.0. www.bigee.net/s/ukdbap
- Building and Construction Authority (BCA) (2012): SC Fund: Introduction. www.bigee.net/s/vp4cfv
- Building and Construction Authority (BCA) (2012a): Frequently Asked Questions on Certified Green Mark Manager / Green Mark Professional / Green Mark Facilities Manager. www.bigee.net/s/3ahnsu
- Building and Construction Authority (BCA) (2012b): BCA Awards 2012. www.bigee.net/s/nu9cym
- Building and Construction Authority (BCA) (2013a): BCA Green Mark for New Residential Buildings Version RB/4.1. www.bigee.net/s/rk3gtr
- Building and Construction Authority (BCA) (2013b): Green Mark Gross Floor Area Incentive Scheme. www.bigee.net/s/e977s2
- Building and Construction Authority (BCA) (NA c): Summary of Regulatory Measures to Raise Environmental Sustainability Standards for Existing Buildings. www.bigee.net/s/n7hqhc
- Building and Construction Authority (BCA) (NA a): What is Zero Energy Building? www.bigee.net/s/t84hpz
- Building and Construction Authority (BCA) (NA b): Code on Envelope Thermal Performance for Buildings. www.bigee.net/s/6neth4
- BCA Academy (NA): Schools and Departments. www.bigee.net/s/a2g11s
- Building Control Regulation (2003): www.bigee.net/s/1q9cqy
- Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP) (2012): Improving Building Efficiency with the Green Mark Scheme - Singapore. www.bigee.net/s/fazzqp
- E2Singapore (2013): Energy Efficiency National Partnership (EENP). www.bigee.net/s/jd22d2
- E2Singapore (2013a): Design for Efficency Scheme. www.bigee.net/s/1c8fzp
- He, H.Z.; Kua, H.W. (2013): Lessons for integrated household energy conservation policy from Singapore’s southwest Eco-living Program. In: Energy Policy 55(2013), 105-116.
- Ling, Gan Pei (2012): Singapore’s Zero Energy Building a Test Bed for Green Building Innovations in the Tropics. www.bigee.net/s/dmijus
- National Climate Change Secretariat (NCCS) (2012): Climate Change & Singapore: Challenges. Opportunities. Partnerships. www.bigee.net/s/inevwu
- National Climate Change Secretariat (NCCS) (2012a): Responses to Feedback on Building Sector. www.bigee.net/s/hkb67w
- Suzuki, Hiroaki (2010): ECO2 Cities. Washington DC: Worldbank.
- Tay, Eugene (2009): CDL Unveils First CarbonNeutral Development in Singapore and Asia Pacific – 11 Tampines Concourse. www.bigee.net/s/4th75v
- United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP)/ Asian Institute of Technology (AIT): Integrating Environmental Sustainability and Disaster Resilience in Building Codes. www.bigee.net/s/qyj22k
- World Green Building Council (WGBC) (2011): World Green Building Council announces Government Leadership Awards at UN Climate Change Conference. www.bigee.net/s/cxqggt
- Zero Carbon Compendium (ZEB) (2011): Singapore. www.bigee.net/s/kf8ty1

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