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The policy targets replacement of approximately 760 million Incandescent lamps (ICLs) and other less efficient lamps compared to LEDs (such as CFLs) currently being used in the country with energy efficient LED lamps. Easy payback options like Equated Monthly Instalments (EMI) for consumers for the cost of LED. In an EMI option a fixed amount has to be paid by the borrower on a specified date each (Press Information Bureau, Government of India, 2015) calendar month. High quality LED bulbs are being supplied to the domestic consumers at one third of the market price. All the LED lamps conform to the national BIS standards (IS 16101 to IS 16108). The LED lamps being supplied come with a free replacement warranty of at-least 3-5 years (EESL, 2014).
The aim of this policy is to completely replace all incandescent lamps in the country with LED lamps. Under this scheme a domestic consumer is eligible to purchase a maximum of 10 number of LED lamps at an upfront cost of INR 10 each from the DISCOM. The balance amount of INR 62 will be recovered from the electricity bill at INR 10 per month for next 6 months and INR 2 in the last month. Alternately, the consumer can also pay upfront total cost of LED lamp i.e. INR 72 per lamp. The LED price varies from region to region depending upon the procurement price by the implementing agencies of the scheme. The Electricity Distribution Company (DISCOMs) and Energy Efficiency Services Limited ((EESL) (a public sector Energy Service Company (ESCO)) are the implementing agencies of the scheme.
Each LED bulb distributed under this programme has a unique number and a logo of EESL. The technical performance of the bulb is similar to the LED lamps available in the open market. The policy intends to bring down the electricity consumption of each domestic consumer in the range of INR 800-1,000 per year.
Number of LEDs (Light Emitting Diode) lamps distributed as on 05 May 2016 is 102,474,652.
Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE), a statutory body under the Union Power Ministry, launched a project Bachat Lamp Yojana (BLY) in February 2009 to replace 400 million incandescent lamps (ICLs) with compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) across the country. CFLs were provided to domestic consumers at a subsidized price of INR 15 per lamp. The difference in the market price of lamp and the price at which it is delivered to the consumer was recovered under the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) of the Kyoto Protocol.
On the contrary, DELP provides latest technological option i.e. LEDs at one third of the market price with an easy EMI option to the domestic consumers. In addition, it gives free replacement warranty of at least 3 years.
The BLY was based on carbon emission reduction (CER) certificates, which have a monetary value in the international market. There was a slowdown in the international carbon market, which affected the policy. However, in DELP the entire cost of the lamp is directly recovered from the domestic consumer.
As per the statistics of the Electric Lamp and Component Manufactures Association of India (ELCOMA), more than 76 crores (760 million) incandescent lamps (ICLs) were sold in India in 2012. The ICL lamps currently being used by the domestic consumers are of mainly 40 - 60W capacity. The ICL lamps are very inefficient, which converts less than 5% of the energy into visible light and the remaining is converted as heat. In addition, the lamp life of ICLs is only 1,000 hours.
The ICL lamps currently being used by the domestic consumer in the country can be easily replaced by an LED lamp of 7 W under this policy. The LED lamp consumes 85% less electricity as compared to ICLs for delivering same light output. The lamp life of LEDs is 30,000 hours.
The overall aim of the policy is to replace all 760 Million existing ICLs in the country with LEDs to reduce electricity demand, GHG emissions and improve energy security.
It is a national policy.
Lighting for domestic consumers
The policy recommends the use of high quality LED bulbs conforming to the national BIS standards. The minimum lamp efficacy specified in the standards is 70 lm/W (lumen per Watt).
Energy conservation act 2001 (EC) was enacted to provide a conducive regulatory and policy framework to catalyse market based energy efficiency implementation. The EC act mandates to maintain minimum energy performance standards (MEPS) for various appliances. The DELP program is a market based implementation program targeting efficiency in household lighting. MEPS have been defined for the LED lamps under DELP as per the BIS standards. There is no requirement for labelling at present. DELP programme also includes an element of media campaign that falls under the specific policy measure ‘transparency and information’.
Under the Market Transformation for Energy Efficiency (MTEE) the programmes DELP and BLY are currently focusing on increasing energy efficiency in domestic lighting. However, BLY now ceased to exist.
The following pre-conditions are necessary to implement Domestic Efficient Lighting Programme:
Agencies or other actors responsible for implementation
EESL and state DISCOMs
A financial contract is prepared between state DISCOMs and EESL before implementation. Based on this agreement the fund flow is from consumer to the DISCOM, to EESL, and finally to the manufacturer.
The program is financed by EESL that carries out the bulk procurement of LED lamps through an online tender process for the DISCOMs based on their consumer lighting points. The direction of the fund flow is from consumer to the DISCOM, to EESL, and finally to the manufacturer.
The consumers need to pay INR 10 per lamp as an upfront cost and the remaining cost is recovered from the consumers’ monthly electricity bill in the form of EMIs of INR 10 per lamp per month.
The LEDs must conform to the BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) IS 16101 to IS 16108 in order to ensure that MEPS are met and to maintain the quality of the lamps.
The LED lamps dispensed under the project are stamped before they enter the market, so that their resale is avoided.
Consumers need to register requests to DISCOMs for procuring LED lamps under Domestic Efficient Lighting Programme” (DELP).
Elements of programs are as under –
The overall estimated annual energy saving target is of 50 billion kWh per year, which is equivalent to around 19,000 MW of avoided generation capacity.
In the first phase 100 cities are targeted for completion by March 2016.
Actors responsible for design
EESL (Energy Efficiency Services Limited)
Actors responsible for implementation
DISCOM (Power Distribution Company)
The LED sales inventory data is available with each DISCOM which is then uploaded in the real time data monitoring portal (National DELP dashboard which can be accessed at http://delp.in/) developed by EESL, which indicates number of LED lamps distributed, energy saved per day, cost saved per day, avoided peak demand and CO2 reduction per day. The data is available for different states and cities also. The overall monitoring agency for this data is EESL.
The National DELP dashboard evaluates the energy savings based on the distribution of LED lamps on an online platform (http://delp.in/).
Design for sustainability aspects
Unlike CFLs, LED lamps do not contain mercury and also the light of LED is free from UV radiation, thus eliminating harmful health effects.
Due to huge demand of LED lamps under this programme there is an increase in the manufacturing and thus promoting job opportunities in the country.
Due to higher lamp life of LED lamps, there will be less replacement as compared to conventional lamps, which results into monetary savings.
The target is to cover 100 cities under this programme by March 2016, the annual energy saving target is 50 billion kWh.
Concrete figures in energy savings/year
The overall target is of 50 billion kWh per year of electricity saving which is equivalent to around 19,000 MW of avoided generation capacity
The policy is new and is already under implementation in different states of the country; therefore no ex-post evaluation has been carried out. However real time national DELP dashboard has been created which shows the actual energy saved per day (3,64,60,481 kWh energy savings per day).
Latest procurement price of EESL for the month of March 2016 of LED under DELP scheme is only INR 55, whereas it was INR 310 in January 2014, which shows significant reduction in prices of LEDs.
INR 14,58,41,925 saving per day is achieved through DELP scheme as of dated 05/05/2016, which translates annual saving in INR 53 billion.
As of now i. 5th May,2016 15:43 PM the statistics are as below: